Written and collected by Zia H Shah MD, Chief Editor of the Muslim Times
Almost every Surah of the Quran presents Monotheism in one metaphor or the other; often presenting God the Creator and arguing from tangible to the intangible. Several Surahs have long passages presenting God the Creator to the whole of humanity. Here are the passages from the sixteenth Surah of the Quran:
He created the heavens and earth for a true purpose, and He is far above whatever they join with Him! He created man from a drop of fluid, and yet man openly challenges Him. And livestock––He created them too. You derive warmth and other benefits from them: you get food from them; you find beauty in them when you bring them home to rest and when you drive them out to pasture. They carry your loads to lands you yourselves could not reach without great hardship––truly your Lord is kind and merciful––horses, mules, and donkeys for you to ride and use for show, and other things you know nothing about yet. God points out the right path, for some paths lead the wrong way: if He wished, He could guide you all.
It is He who sends down water for you from the sky, from which comes a drink for you, and the shrubs that you feed to your animals. With it He grows for you grain, olives, palms, vines, and all kinds of other crops. There truly is a sign in this for those who reflect. By His command He has made the night and day, the sun, moon, and stars all of benefit to you. There truly are signs in this for those who use their reason.
He has made of benefit to you the many-colored things He has multiplied on the earth. There truly are signs in this for those who take it to heart. It is He who made the sea of benefit to you: you eat fresh fish from it and bring out jewelry to wear; you see the ships cutting through its waves so that you may go in search of His bounty and give thanks. He has made mountains stand firm on the earth, to prevent it shaking under you, and rivers and paths so that you may find your way, and landmarks and stars to guide people. Can He who creates be compared to one who cannot create? Why do you not take heed?
If you tried to count God’s blessings, you could never take them all in: He is truly most forgiving and most merciful. (3-18)
The only words We say to a thing, when We desire it, is that We say to it ‘Be,’ and it is. (40)
Do the [disbelievers] not observe the things that God has created, casting their shadows right and left, submitting themselves to God obediently? It is to God that everything in the heavens and earth submits, every beast that moves, even the angels– they are free from arrogance: they fear their Lord above them, and they do as they are commanded.
God said, ‘Do not take two gods’– for He is the One God–‘ I alone am the One that you should hold in awe.’ Everything in the heavens and earth belongs to Him: everlasting obedience is His right. Will you heed anyone other than God? (48-52)
It is God who sends water down from the sky and with it revives the earth when it is dead. There truly is a sign in this for people who listen. In livestock, too, you have a lesson– We give you a drink from the contents of their bellies, between waste matter and blood, pure milk, sweet to the drinker. From the fruits of date palms and grapes you take sweet juice and wholesome provisions. There truly is a sign in this for people who use their reason. And your Lord inspired the bee, saying, ‘Build yourselves houses in the mountains and trees and what people construct. Then feed on all kinds of fruit and follow the ways made easy for you by your Lord.’ From their bellies comes a drink of different colors in which there is healing for people. There truly is a sign in this for those who think.
It is God who has created you and in time will cause you to die. Some of you will be reduced, in old age, to a most abject state, so that, after having knowledge, they will know nothing at all: God is truly all knowing and all powerful. (66-70)
He has given you children and grandchildren and provided you with good things. How can they believe in falsehood and deny God’s blessings? Those they worship beside God have no power to provide anything for them from the heavens or the earth: they can do nothing. So do not make up images about God: God knows and you do not. (72-74)
Allah brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers, when you knew nothing, and gave you ears and eyes and hearts that you may be grateful. Do they not see the birds held under control in the vault of heaven? It is only Allah Who keeps them back from swooping down upon you. In that are Signs for a people who believe. Allah has made your homes your habitations and has made for you, of the skins of cattle, habitations which are easy for you to transport and easy to set up; and He provides for you from the wool and furs and hair of cattle, household goods and articles for use over a period. Allah has made for you, of that which He has created, trees and other means of shade, and places of shelter in the mountains; and He has made for you garments which protect you from heat and cold, and armors which protect you in battle. Thus does He complete His favor unto you, that you may submit wholly to Him. Yet, if they turn away thy duty is only to convey the Message clearly. They recognize the favor of Allah and yet deny it, and most of them are confirmed disbelievers. (78-83)
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