Written and collected by Zia H Shah MD, Chief Editor of the Muslim Times
Today I am going to make this reading assignment very short, after all I am indebted to you for indulgence of reading this and for that I love you and pray for you.
I am simply going to quote the three short verses of the Quran about my claim today and then present two paragraphs about Y chromosome from Wikipedia. This will be followed by a few useful articles about the holy Quran and about Afterlife and how the Quran uses the first creation as a proof for the second creation, for what is to come, for the eternal bliss of the righteous and reformation of those who fall short.
|53:45. And He creates the pairs, male and female,||وَأَنَّهُ خَلَقَ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَىٰ|
|53:46. From a sperm drop when it is emitted;||مِن نُّطْفَةٍ إِذَا تُمْنَىٰ|
|53:47. Later, it is form Him to initiate the second creation.||وَأَنَّ عَلَيْهِ النَّشْأَةَ الْأُخْرَىٰ|
The Y chromosome was identified as a sex-determining chromosome by Nettie Stevens at Bryn Mawr College in 1905 during a study of the mealworm Tenebrio molitor. Edmund Beecher Wilson independently discovered the same mechanisms the same year, working with hemiptera. Stevens proposed that chromosomes always existed in pairs and that the smaller chromosome (now labelled “Y”) was the pair of the X chromosome discovered in 1890 by Hermann Henking. She realized that the previous idea of Clarence Erwin McClung, that the X chromosome determines sex, was wrong and that sex determination is, in fact, due to the presence or absence of the Y chromosome. In the early 1920s Theophilus Painter determined that X and Y chromosomes determined sex in humans (and other mammals).
The chromosome was given the name “Y” simply to follow on from Henking’s “X” alphabetically. The idea that the Y chromosome was named after its similarity in appearance to the letter “Y” is mistaken. All chromosomes normally appear as an amorphous blob under the microscope and only take on a well-defined shape during mitosis. This shape is vaguely X-shaped for all chromosomes. It is entirely coincidental that the Y chromosome, during mitosis, has two very short branches which can look merged under the microscope and appear as the descender of a Y-shape.
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