وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
Allah did not create Jinn or Men but to worship Him. (Al Quran 51:56)
That one should not set up equals unto God (2:22) or ascribe partners unto God (4:36; 7:33) is among the most predominant themes of the Quran; see. 4:48c; 6:151—52c. Regarding the present verse, al-Ghazzali writes, “One who does not see God in everything sees something other than Him. And if there is something other than God to which one gives attention, this attention involves an element of hidden idolatry (al-shirk al-khaﬁ). Rather, pure monotheism (al-rawhide al-Khalis) consists in seeing only God in everything” (Ihya’, K. Qira’at al-Qur’an).