Written and collected by Zia H Shah MD, Chief Editor of the Muslim Times
Do you know the Supreme Leader of Iran and do you know what is the population of Iran?
The second question has a very simple answer and Googling it will give you a precise answer in a second: It is 84 million. They are all at the mercy of Supreme Leader: Ali Khamenei.
For the first question we need a little more explanation. According to Wikipedia:
The Supreme Leader of Iran (Persian: رهبر معظم ایران, romanized: rahbar-e mo’azzam-e irān (listen)), also referred to as Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution (رهبر معظم انقلاب اسلامی, rahbar-e mo’azzam-e enqelāb-e eslāmi), but officially called the Supreme Leadership Authority (مقام معظم رهبری, maqām mo’azzam rahbari), is the head of state and the highest political and religious authority of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The armed forces, judiciary, state television, and other key government organisations such as Guardian Council and Expediency Discernment Council are subject to the Supreme Leader. According to article 110 of the constitution, the Supreme Leader delineates the general policies of the Islamic Republic. The current lifetime officeholder, Ali Khamenei, has issued decrees and made the final decisions on the economy, the environment, foreign policy, education, national planning, and other aspects of governance in Iran. Khamenei also makes the final decisions on the amount of transparency in elections, and has dismissed and reinstated presidential cabinet appointees.
What I have not told you yet is that he is not only the autocratic secular leader, but also extreme spiritual leader, if he had been a leader 2-3 millennia ago, he would have been a demi-God, with supernatural powers:
The Guardian Jurist office was established by the Constitution of Iran in 1979, pursuant to the concept of the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist. As the Guardian Jurist (Vali-ye faqih), the Supreme Leader, guides the country, protecting it from heresy and imperialist predations, and insuring the laws of Islam are followed. According to the Constitution, the powers of government in the Islamic Republic of Iran are vested in the legislature, the judiciary, and the executive powers, functioning under the supervision of the Supreme Leader. The style “Supreme Leader” (Persian: رهبر معظم, romanized: rahbar-e mo’azzam) is commonly used as a sign of respect – although the Constitution simply designates them as “Leader” (رهبر, rahbar).
The story does not end there. He is Marja’ as well. What is a Marja’?:
Marji’ (Arabic: مرجع, transliteration: marjiʿ; plural: marājiʿ, short for Marjaʿ al-taqlid), literally meaning “source to follow” or “religious reference”, is a title given to the highest level of Twelver Shia authority, a Grand Ayatollah with the authority given by a hawzah to make legal decisions within the confines of Islamic law for followers and lower-ranking clerics.
Currently, maraji’ are accorded the title Grand Ayatollah (Arabic: آية الله العظمی ʾĀyatullāh al-ʿUẓmā). Previously, the titles of Allamah (such as Allameh Tabatabaei, Allameh Majlesi, Allameh Hilli) and Imam (such as Imam Khomeini, Imam Rohani,Imam Shirazi and Imam Sadr) have also been used.
From the perspective of Shia jurisprudence, during the occultation of the Mahdi, the highest ranking Shia hawzah clerics are bestowed with responsibility for understanding and explaining Islamic religious jurisprudence.
Shiite authorities in the history of Shi’ism have an important role in the religious, political and social thought of their communities. One example is the fatwa of Mirza Mohammed Hassan Husseini Shirazi imposing sanctions on the use of tobacco during Qajar rule, which led to the abolition of the tobacco concession.
Shiʿi “biographical compilations generally” consider Muhammad ibn Ya’qub al-Kulayni (d. 940 or 941), (one of the first compilers of Shiʿite hadith), to be “the first” post-occultation marja al-taqlid.
The Supreme Leader is every thing and you are nothing, if you are an Iranian Shiite. How can you understand anything in the Quran if he does not endorse it?
But, have courage. Stand your ground. Allah has bestowed you a good thinking brain and mind. You have already been fairly successful in many walks of life and thinking for yourself.
He is not only a teacher of the Quran, but also a barrier in your understanding. Think about it for a moment, he does not have monopoly over the understanding of the Quran and no human does.
The Quran is revealed for every human, male or female or of no specific gender, child or old, scholar or novice, intellectually challenged or a genius, any nationality or race.
I made an example out of him. But, I think I could as easily do it for every leader of every Shiite or Sunni sect. I do not want to offend each and every Muslim out of the 1.8 billion.
So, without offending many more, let me proceed with the rest of my thesis.
On a happier note my above caricature of the Supreme Leader will not offend all of the 84 million Shiite Muslims in Iran. Only 20% of them, whom we can call the fundametalists, for a lack of better word.
According to some experts the rest of the 80% are as sick and tired of him as many Islamophobes in the West.
I will just want to make one other example of a Sunni scholar, lest I am accused of a sectarian bias.
I find Javed Ghamidi to be the most tolerant Muslim scholar. I learn a lot from him about the Quran, but, obviously, no human is All Knowing God. He does not know much about human evolution and so, I suggest these articles: Ghamidi: The Most Tolerant and Pluralistic Muslim Scholar of Our Times, Javed Ahmad Ghamidi: A Scholar to Overcome Extremism, Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, A Great Theologian, Yet Joins the Long List of Scholars, Who are Ignorant about Evolution and Ghamidi Knowledgeable About Many Things, But Denying Details of Evolution in This Urdu Video.
No human being is all knowing and so cannot be exclusive teacher for the literal word of All Knowing God.
So, without further adoo, I want to state that if you choose to learn about the Quran from scholars of all denominations, nationalities and race, and even scholars of other Abrahamic faiths, your journey of scholarship will be so much faster, easier and fascinating. Try to remove the contraindications in your understanding and reject what does not seem right and consistent, no matter what the station or the popularity of your teacher.
No human has a monopoly over the Quran. If you are not confident enough to accept this, your choice. You will be slave to your leader or scholar of your choosing, something I do not wish for anyone.
If you are confident of your God given protentional, please join me for the intellectual, religious and spiritual journey.
Now I include a collection of videos and articles:
Surah Qamar – The Moon: The Quran has been made easy
Source: TheQuran.Love Introduction We believe that the most important verse of this surah is: “Indeed We have made the Qur’an easy to understand and to remember. But is there anyone who would receive admonition?” (54:17) […]
After Monotheism, the Two Most Seminal Verses of the Quran
To Know more how you can benefit from the Muslim Times, go to our Homepage or About Us page. Promoted post: Use and Misuse of Surah Nur by the Muslims, Before and After Nida Ul […]
The Quran Applauded as a Landmark Contribution to ‘Words of Justice’ by Harvard
Below are all our tweets about this article, click on any of them to read the article: The Quran Applauded as a Landmark Contribution to ‘Words of Justice’ by Harvard […]
Video of Morgan Freeman: Commentary of Surah Takathur
Epigraph: And as to those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one thinks it to be water until, when he comes up to it, he […]
Two Hundred Verses about Compassionate Living in the Quran
To Know more how you can benefit from the Muslim Times, go to our Homepage or About Us page Written and collected by Zia H Shah MD, Chief Editor of the […]
The Story of Adam and A Progressive, Metaphorical Reading of the Quran
Surah Al Baqara (The Cow): Section 4: Adam and Eve Written and collected by Zia H Shah MD, Chief Editor of the Muslim Times 2:30. Call to mind, when your Lord announced […]
Table of Contents of theQuran.Love
At the present time we have commentary of only portion of the holy Quran and new segments are being added periodically. Below is a listing in the numerical order of the surahs available, after the introductory section:
Scope, Style and Preservation of the Quran
- Rumi: The Quran is Like a Shy Bride!
- Truth Cannot Contradict Truth: Understanding the Holy Quran
- Sometimes the Quran is Written on Stone and Often on Paper?
- The Scope, Style and Effect of the Holy Quran
- The History of the Qur’anic Text: From Revelation to Compilation
- Sources or Criteria for Interpretation of the Holy Quran
- The Quran Gives Principles of Justice, But No Judicial System
- The Quran Only Means What Our Wisdom and Intentions Dictate: A Progressive Understanding
- The Holy Quran and the Seventh Century Arabian Metaphors
- Is God Alive or Dead: A Metaphor for the Scriptures from the US Constitution?
- God Is Living, So Why Does Religion Treat God As Dead?
- I was an Isis sex slave. I tell my story because it is the best weapon I have
The Surahs available now:
- 1. Surah Al Fatihah: The Opening
- 2. Introduction to Surah Al Baqarah: The Cow
- Who is or is not a Muslim, please first look at the polls?
- 2. Surah Al Baqara (The Cow): Section 4: Adam and Eve
- 3. Introduction to Sura Ale Imran – The Family of Imran
- 4. Sura Nisa (the Women): Section 13 the landmark Verse about Justice and
- Did you know Harvard recognizes Quran as one of the best expressions for justice?
- 5. One of the verses of Sura Maidah:
- A Gem, A Quranic Verse: Is the Ukrainian Blood Holier Than the Middle Eastern?
- 6. Introduction to Surah Anaam – The Cattle
- 9. Surah Taubah – Repentance: Section 13
- The five generation rule: Jonathan Edwards versus Max Jukes
- 13. Surah Ra’d – The Thunder: From Intangible to Tangible and Peace of Mind
- 16. Surah Nahl (the Bee): Section 13 — The Justice and Compassion Verse that is Read Every Friday
- 19. Introduction to Surah Mariam – Mother Mary
- 21. Surah Anbiyya: The Prophets — They Make One Community
- 24. Use and Misuse of Surah Nur by the Muslims, Before and After Nida Ul Nasser’s Allegations
- Why Did Kate Spade and Anthony Bourdain Commit Suicide?
- 30. Surah Rome – The Byzantines
- 31. Surah Luqman
- 32. Surah Sajdah: Prostration: Defining Paradise and Hell
- 42. Surah Shura: Consultation
- 43. Surah Zukhruf – Ornaments of Gold: The Satan that Doesn’t Exist
- 44. Surah Al Dukhan: The Smoke
- 45. Surah Jathiyah: Kneeling
- 48. Surah Al Fath: The Victory
- 49. Surah Hujarat: The Private Chambers
- 50. Surah Qaf: The First Creation as the Foremost Proof for Afterlife
- 51. Al-Dhariyyat: The Scatterers
- 54. Surah Qamar – The Moon: The Quran has been made easy
- 55. Surah Al Rahman: The Lord of Mercy and Compassion;
- Commentary of Surah Rahman with one picture in one paragraph
- 56. Surah Al Waqi’ah (The Event or the Resurrection)
- 60. Surah Mumtahinah – She Who is Examined: Overcoming Sectarianism and Religious Divide
- 61. Surah Al Saff – The Ranks
- 63. Surah Munafiqun: The Hypocrites
- 65. Surah Talaq: Compassion in Divorce
- 69. The Holy Quran: “His are the Most Beautiful Names!”
- 75. Surah Al Qiyamah: The Day of Judgment
- 78. Surah Al Naba: The Announcement
- 80. Surah Al Abasaa: He Frowned
- 89. Surah Al Fajr – The Dawn: Happiness and Peace in God
- 90. Surah Al Balad: The City of Makkah
- 91. Surah Al Shams – The Sun: Evolution of the Human Conscience
- 92. Surah Lail: Compassion and Generosity a Way to Paradise
- 95. Surah Tein: The Fig — A Metaphor for Pluralism
- 97. Surah Qadr – The Night of Glory
- 102. Surah Al Takathur – Competing for MoreVideo of Morgan Freeman: Commentary of Surah Takathur
- 107. Surah Al Ma’un – The Common Kindness
- 112. Surah Ikhlas: The Sublime Monotheism
- Video: Is Jesus God? – Dr. Jerald F. Dirks
- 113. Surah Al Falaq: The Daybreak: Overcoming Envy
Collection of our articles about the holy Quran
The following collection of articles, we believe facilitates the understanding of the holy Quran:
- Everything is a Miracle According to the Holy Quran and Albert Einstein
- Running Scared of the Most Gracious and the Most Merciful?
- Our Collection of Essays or Articles about the Glorious Quran
- Two Hundred Verses about Compassionate Living in the Quran
- The Holy Quran as the Miracle of the Holy Prophet
- Sir Zafrullah Khan Introducing the Holy Quran to the World
- Islam: A Religion Of Love
- Understanding Satan in the Quran Provides for Progressive Islam
- Non-Sectarian Islam: The Proportionate Faith
- Quran does not cause terrorism and is no more violent than the Bible, expert says
- Is He who created the heavens and the earth not able to create the likes of them?
- Death, Dying and the Afterlife in the Quran
- Hell is Meant for Purification and is not Permanent
- Sufism and the Path of Love
- I’m a middle-aged, white Scottish man who converted to Islam without ever meeting a Muslim. This is how
- Scientific foreknowledge in sacred texts
- Biblical and Quranic narratives
- In Defense of the Secular Narrative of the Holy Quran
- A British Convert to Islam: ‘I found Qur’an mother of all philosophies’
- Meteors: Establish the truth of the Holy Quran
- Cataloging 750 verses of the Holy Quran inspiring believers to study nature
- Wind Patterns and the Holy Quran
- An Everlasting Miracle of the Holy Quran
- Why Secularism Is Compatible with the Quran and Sunnah — And an ‘Islamic State’ Is Not
- Surrendering the Sword of the ‘Sword-Verse’
- Gender Equality in the Holy Qur’an – In the Beginning Man and Woman Were Equal
- Inheritance in Islam
- Defensive War: Why Fighting Was Allowed?
- Where is the Injil, is it the Q document or ‘Q?’
- Caliph Umar Farooq versus Emperor Heraclius: Who gave us our Religious Freedoms?
- A Sexual Offender from ISIS: Is the Quran to Blame?
- Afterlife A Dream-State or A Virtual Reality?
- A Rabbi Calls Trinitarians Idolaters and Pagans; What Does the Quran Say About the Christians?
- Prophet Solomon’s Love of Horses
- Video Debate: Is There Meaning to Life? | William Lane Craig, Rebecca Goldstein, Jordan Peterson – Toronto 2018
- Jinn: Do They Exist?
- Science: The Only Present Day Arbiter Between Religions?
- Afterlife A Dream-State or A Virtual Reality?
- A Rabbi Calls Trinitarians Idolaters and Pagans; What Does the Quran Say About the Christians?